If a woman struggles with infertility, her doctor may recommend that she go for In Vitro Fertilization, also known as IVF. This procedure will collect mature eggs from the ovaries as well as sperm and create an embryo in the lab. This embryo is then put into the mother’s uterus. The cycle usually takes about three weeks, but for some women, the process may be longer depending on what needs to be done. IVF is known as the most effective when it comes to fertility treatments. Women can use their own eggs and their husband’s sperm. These may also be donated by another person. In some cases, a gestational carrier is used.
The chances of having a baby via IVF will depend on many factors like the cause of infertility and the age of the woman. It is also possible to have more than one baby when getting IVF. If a woman wishes to become pregnant, they should consult with their doctor about IVF.
When is In Vitro Fertilization A Good Option?
There are several reasons why IVF treatment would be a good option, and they include:
- Age - If a woman is over the age of forty, IVF may be a good option.
- Fallopian tube blockage or damage - If there is damage to the fallopian tube or there is a blockage, IVF can help to achieve pregnancy.
- Ovulation disorders - If a woman has trouble ovulating or has no eggs, IVF is a good choice.
- Endometriosis - Endometriosis causes uterine tissue to grow outside of the uterus and can cause infertility. IVF can help get around this tissue.
- Uterine fibroids - If a woman has uterine fibroids, this can block an egg from attaching.
- Impaired sperm production - If the woman’s partner has impaired sperm production, IVF can help to make sure that healthy sperm is used.
- Unexplained infertility - Sometimes there is no cause that is found for infertility, and IVF is the only option to help achieve a pregnancy.
- Genetic disorder - If the woman has a genetic disorder or is at risk for a genetic disorder, IVF can help to eliminate that risk.
Stages of In Vitro Fertilization
There are several stages to IVF, and they include:
- Egg production - At the start of the IVF cycle, a woman will be given medication to help produce multiple eggs. This medication will vary depending on the doctor’s preference and condition of the ovaries.
- Egg retrieval - The egg retrieval can take place at the doctor’s office or in the clinic. A trigger shot will be given to aid in ovulation, and the eggs will need to be collected within 34 to 36 hours. You will be given pain medication and be sedated. A thin needle is used to remove the eggs.
- Sperm retrieval - On the day of the egg retrieval, the man will provide a semen sample. This semen sample will then be sent to the lab for the sperm to be separated from the semen fluid.
- Fertilization - There are two methods of fertilization, and that includes conventional insemination where the healthy sperm are mixed and incubated overnight. The other option is known as Intracytoplasmic sperm injection. In this case a single healthy sperm is chosen and injected.
- Embryo transfer - Two to five days after the egg retrieval, you will go in for the embryo transfer. The doctor will then place the embryo into your uterus. The embryo should implant about six to ten days after the transfer.
Costs of In Vitro Fertilization
The cost of IVF treatment can vary from clinic to clinic. The basic cost is around $12,000, and this does not include the cost of medication. The medication can range in price and be anywhere from $1,500 or $3,000. There are several ways to pay for IVF, including credit lines and more. Insurance does not typically cover IVF treatment at this time.
IVF can be a great way for a woman to achieve pregnancy if she is infertile. Any woman wishing to go through IVF will need to speak with her doctor at length about what to expect during the procedure and after.